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  • Writer's pictureAku Energija

Moj otrok je kar naprej bolan, kaj lahko storim? TKM nasveti

Starši pogosto obupujejo, da njihovi majhni otroci zbolevajo za vsemi boleznimi, kot so prehladi, ušesna vnetja, driska, bruhanje, vnetje grla in v resnih primerih celo pljučnica. Še huje je, da otroci patogene prinesejo domov ter jih prenesejo tudi na svoje sorojence in starše. [Preberi več: Sezona gripe in vzroki okužb z vidika TKM]

Tako konvencionalna kot kitajska medicina priznavata, da je normalno, da se otroci pogosteje soočajo s prehladi kot odrasli, saj se njihov imunski sistem še razvija. Toda namesto pasivnega čakanja, da bodo vaši otroci imeli močnejši imunski sistem, vam TKM lahko ponudi nekaj koristnih nasvetov za aktivno izboljšanje njihove imunske moči in prekinitev začaranega kroga okužb. [Preberi več: Pristop TKM - premagovanje prehlada] [Preberi več: TKM vs zahodna medicina]

Razumevanje obrambnega Qija

Teorija TKM navaja, da imajo otroci relativno šibkejše sisteme pljuč, ledvic in vranice, kar lahko ogrozi njihovo splošno odpornost. Šibek pljučni sistem povečuje verjetnost bolezni dihal, šibek vranični sistem pa je nagnjen k boleznim prebavil. Zato se otroci pogosto prehladijo in imajo želodčne težave.

V TKM se zdrav qi brani pred zunanjimi patogeni. Gre za posebno obliko energije življenjske sile, imenovano obrambni Qi, ki deluje kot zaščitna pregrada na površini telesa (vključno s kožo, grlom in nosnicami). Kadar pretok qija v sistemih ni optimalen, je njihovo delovanje oslabljeno. V začaranem krogu izčrpavanje obrambnega qija še dodatno oslabi njihovo odpornost, zaradi česar so bolj izpostavljeni novim boleznim.

Obrambni qi je šibek iz več razlogov:

  • prirojena šibkost, ki je običajno posledica zdravstvenega stanja otrokovih staršev.

  • Nepravilna prehrana, kot je uživanje surove hrane in neredni obroki.

  • Pomanjkanje toplote, na primer spanje z mokrimi lasmi, izpostavljanje vratu, hrbta in stopal vetru in mrazu.

  • Ponavljajoči se in nezdravljeni prehladi in gripa.

  • Pomanjkanje spanja.

Boljše navade za močnejšo odpornost

Zdravniki TKM na splošno zagovarjajo celosten in trajnosten pristop k izgradnji močnega imunskega sistema. Teorija TKM se zaveda, da "otroci zlahka zbolijo, vendar tudi zlahka okrevajo". Zelo pogosto se otroci sploh ne srečujejo z zdravili, če so v ustrezni oskrbi. Tukaj je nekaj ključnih točk za starše:

  1. Zaščitite svoj telesni Qi Oblecite se toplo in večplastno. Preveč smo navajeni na avtomobile in notranje ogrevanje, zato imamo samo en velik debel zimski plašč ter tanko plast oblačil pod njim. V resnici je bolj primerno obleči več plasti, ki jih zlahka prilagajamo glede na temperaturo. Ne pozabite, da je treba vedno pokriti vrat, hrbet, kolena in stopala. [Preberi več: TKM zdravljenje hladnih rok in stopal]

  2. Zmanjšajte ogrevanje Zdi se, da je to v nasprotju s točko 1. Toda če razmišljate logično, je ravno pretoplo notranje okolje razlog, da nam ni treba obleči plasti. Podobno kot divje živali, ki si pozimi ustvarijo debelo plast kožuha, se tudi človeško telo prilagodi zimskemu času. Naša koža se naravno "zapre" in zaščiti pred mrazom. Če pa živimo v preveč toplem okolju, se telesna zaščita zmanjša, zato se koža "preveč odpre" in obrambni qi postane šibkejši, tako da nas lahko napadejo zunanji patogeni.

  3. Dihajte skozi nos To ne pomaga le ogreti in "filtrirati" zrak, ampak po razumevanju TKM dihanje skozi usta tudi postopoma izčrpava prebavni sistem (tj. sistem, ki proizvaja qi). Če je vaš nos zamašen, ne glede na razlog, prehlad ali alergija, je čas, da poiščete pomoč. Pri tem sta koristna akupunktura in zeliščna zdravila TKM. [Preberi več: Pomanjkanje Qi energije: kaj to je in kako jo obvladati?]

  4. Veliko počitka in spanja Otroci v povprečju potrebujejo več spanja kot odrasli. Malčki (1-2 leti): 11-14 ur, vključno z dremeži. Predšolski otroci (3-5 let): 10-13 ur, vključno z dremeži. Šolarji (6-13 let): 9-12 ur. Redna rutina pred spanjem, ki se začne vsak večer ob približno istem času, spodbuja dobre vzorce spanja. Pred spanjem se izogibajte uporabi zaslonov, prehranjevanju in fizično ali intelektualno intenzivnim dejavnostim. Mlajšim otrokom lahko rutina pred spanjem: kopanje, pravljica v postelji pomaga, da se počutijo pripravljeni na spanje. Pri starejših otrocih in najstnikih lahko rutina vključuje tihi pogovor z vami, izklop digitalne tehnologije, prhanje, poslušanje glasbe ali branje in ugasnitev luči.

  5. Doma ustvarite mirno, prijazno in spodbudno okolje Čustva lahko vplivajo na obrambni qi. Redno se ukvarjajte z otroki, na primer z vsakodnevno igro in družinskimi obroki. Prakticirajte hvaležnost, da boste krepili notranjo moč otrok. [Preberi več: Izvajanje hvaležnosti prinaša koristi za zdravje]

  6. Umivajte si roke, vendar s čiščenjem ne pretiravajte Redno umivanje rok s tekočo vodo in milom zmanjša širjenje patogenov. Vendar pa ne sterilizirajte preveč vseh predmetov v bližini otrok. Bolezen je nujen način za krepitev njihovega imunskega sistema. Pretirano čisto okolje bo oslabilo imunski sistem, saj imunska vojska tako nima dovolj prakse in si ne more postopoma graditi spomina - sodobno rečeno protiteles - za boj proti patogenom.

  7. Zmerna in redna telesna vadba Količina telesne dejavnosti, ki jo otroci potrebujejo, je odvisna od njihove starosti. Otroci, stari od 3 do 5 let, morajo biti aktivni ves dan. Otroci in mladostniki, stari od 6 do 17 let, morajo biti aktivni 60 minut vsak dan. Naj bo telesna dejavnost del otrokovega življenja. To lahko zlahka dosežete tako, da namesto z avtomobilom hodite peš ali kolesarite, vam pomagajo pri hišnih opravilih v okviru svojih zmožnosti, hodite na igrišče itd. [Preberi več: Ba Duan Jin: Osem brokatov] [Preberi več: Koristi taj čija]

  8. Jejte v skladu z letnim časom Ko se vreme ohladi, jejte več tople, kuhane hrane in jo kuhajte dlje časa (npr. praženje, pečenje, počasno kuhanje). Surove solate, hladni sendviči in hladni kosmiči za zajtrk lahko poslabšajo sposobnost telesa, da proizvaja močan qi. [Preberi več: Zimski zajtrk za hladna zimska jutra] [Preberi več: Zimski solsticij: razumevanje in zdravstveni nasveti]

  9. Zmanjšajte količino neuravnotežene hrane Mlečni izdelki (zlasti jogurt), sladkarije, hladna in surova hrana nam pogosto jemljejo toploto in moč ter tako upočasnjujejo kroženje qija. Nasprotno pa lahko ocvrta hrana, močno začinjena hrana, na primer pretirano slana in pekoča hrana, pretirano spodbujajo moč. Posledica je lahko pogosteje povišana telesna temperatura. [Preberi več: Hrano je potrebno skuhati – tradicionalna kitajska medicina pojasni prebavni sistem]

  10. Imejte vsakodnevno rutino Ni boljšega načina, da bi sledili vsem svojim zdravim navadam, kot da jih spremenite v rutino. Še bolje pa je, če svojo dnevno rutino uskladite s telesnim ritmom. [Preberi več: Cirkadiani ritmi in telesna ura kitajske medicine (1/2)] [Preberi več: Cirkadiani ritmi in telesna ura kitajske medicine (2/2)] [Preberi več: Kdaj jeste, je prav tako pomembno kot to, kaj jeste]

 

My Child Is Getting Sick All The Time And What Can I Do? Tips From TCM

Parents often despair that their young children are catching whatever’s going around like common colds, ear infections, diarrhea, vomiting, sore throat and in severe case even pneumonia. Worse still, kids the pathogens back home and pass it on to their siblings and parents too. [Read more: The Flu Season And The Causes Of Infection From A TCM Perspective]

Both conventional and Chinese medicine acknowledge that it’s normal for children to experience common colds more frequently than adults, because their immune systems are still developing. But instead of passively waiting for your kids to have a stronger immune system, TCM could offer some useful tips to proactively improve their immune power and stop with this miserable infection loop.[Read more: TCM approach for the common cold] [Read more: TCM vs Western Medicine]

Understanding Defensive Qi

TCM theory indicates that children have relatively weaker lung, kidney and spleen systems, which can compromise their overall immunity. A weak lung system increases the likelihood of respiratory illnesses, while a weak spleen system makes one prone to digestive illnesses. That is why children often catch colds and have stomach upsets.

In TCM, healthy Qi defends against external pathogens. It is a specific form of life force energy called defensive Qi which acts as a protective barrier at the body's surface (including the skin, throat and nasal passages). When the flow of Qi in systems is not optimal, their function is weakened. In a vicious cycle, the depletion of Defensive Qi further weakens their resistance, making them more prone to further illness.

Defensive Qi are weak for a number of reasons:

Better Habits For Stronger Immunity

TCM practitioners generally advocate a holistic and sustainable approach to building a strong immune system. TCM theory realizes that “children get sick easily, but also recover easily”. Very often, children do not meet medicine at all provided they are in proper care. Here are some key points for parents:

  1. Protect your body’s Qi Dress warmly, layer up. We are too comfortable with cars and indoor heating and we only one big thick winter coat then thin layer inside. In fact, a more appropriate way is too dress a few layers that you can easily adjust according to the temperature. Remember to always cover the neck, back, knees and feet. [Read more: TCM Treatment For Cold Hands and Feet]

  2. Turn down your heating This seems contradicting to point 1. But if you think logically, having an overly warm indoor environment is exactly why we do not need to layer up. Just like the wild animals which build up a thick layer of fur in winter, the human body also makes adjustment for the winter time. Our skin naturally “closes up” and builds defense for the coldness. However, living in an overly warm environment will make the body’s guard down thus “over-open our skin” make the Defensive Qi less tight so the external pathogens can attack us.

  3. Breathe through your nose Not only does this help warm and ‘filter’ the air, breathing through your mouth is also believed to gradually exhaust your digestive (i.e. Qi-producing) system in the TCM understanding. For whatever reason, a cold or allergies, if your nose is blocked, it is time to seek help. Acupuncture and TCM herbal remedies are useful in this regard. [Read more: Qi deficiency: What is it and how do you manage it?]

  4. Get lots of rest and sleep In average, children need more sleep than adults. Toddlers (1–2 years): 11–14 hours, including naps. Preschool (3–5 years): 10–13 hours, including naps. School-age (6–13 years): 9–12 hours. A regular bedtime routine starting around the same time each night encourages good sleep patterns. Avoid screen time, eating and physically or intellectually intense activities before bedtime. A bedtime routine of bath, story and bed can help younger children feel ready for sleep. For older children and teenagers, the routine might include quietly chatting with you, turning off digital technology, having a shower, listening to music or reading, and turning out the light.

  5. Keep a calm, kind, and supportive environment at home Emotions can affect Defensive Qi. Engage with your children regularly like daily playtime and family meals. Practice gratitude to nature the inner strength of children. [Read more: Practicing gratitude brings health benefits]

  6. Wash hands, but do not over clean Minimize spread of pathogens by washing your hands with running water and soap regularly. And yet, do not over sterilize every single objects around your kids. Getting sick is a necessary way to build up their immune system. A overly clean environment will make immune system weaker because the immune army do not have enough practice and gradually building up memory- antibodies in modern term- for fighting pathogens.

  7. Exercise moderately and regularly The amount of physical activity children need depends on their age. Children ages 3 through 5 years need to be active throughout the day. Children and adolescents ages 6 through 17 need to be active for 60 minutes every day. Make physical activity part of a child's Life. This can easily be achieved by walking or cycling rather than cars, helping out with housework within their capacity, going to the playground, etc. [Read more: Ba Duan Jin: The Eight Brocades] [Read more: The benefits of Tai Chi]

  8. Eat with the season As the weather gets colder, eat more warm, cooked foods, and cook them for longer periods of time (e.g. roasting, baking, slow-cooker). Raw salads, cold sandwiches, and cold cereals in the morning can all impair your body’s ability to produce strong Qi. [Read more: Winter Breakfast for Cold Winter Mornings] [Read more: Winter solstice: Insights and healthcare tips]

  9. Minimize unbalance foods Dairy products (particularly yogurt), sweets, cold and raw foods often take away our warmth and power thus slow down our Qi circulation. On the contrary, deep fried food, strong flavoured food like over salty and spicy food can over stimulate the power. It might result in more frequent high fever. [Read more: Cook your food - digestive system explained in Traditional Chinese medicine]

  10. Have a daily routine There is no better way to keep track of all our healthy habits than make them a rountine. Even better, synchromize our daily rountine with our body rythme. [Read more: Circadian Rhythms and the Chinese Medicine Body Clock (1/2)] [Read more: Circadian Rhythms and the Chinese Medicine Body Clock (2/2)] [Read more: When you eat is just as important as what you eat]


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