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Ekcem, psoriaza, dermatitis: Zdravljenje kožnih bolezni s TKM

Updated: Dec 26, 2019


Kožne bolezni, kot so ekcemi, psoriaza in dermatitis, so lahko zelo nadležne. Srbečica in bolečina povzročata fizično neudobje, slab videz kože pa lahko vpliva na pacientovo samozavest ter psiho.

V splošni medicini se ponavadi pri postavljanju diagnoze in zdravljenju kožnih bolezni preveri le koža. Kljub temu pa je vzrok takšnih težav mnogo globlji in leži v telesu. V TKM, ki temelji na holističnem razumevanju telesa, velja, da so spremembe na koži sporočilo iz notranjosti našega telesa. Zato dandanes številni ljudje iščejo učinkovito alternativo, s katero bi s TKM pozdravili kožne bolezni in njihove vzroke, namesto da bi le prenašali njihovo ponavljanje in nadležne simptome.

Ekcem

Ekcem je splošni izraz za vnetna stanja kože, zlasti pri nastanku mehurjev v akutni fazi, tipično eritematozus (rdeča koža), edematus (zateklina), papularni (majhne, izbočene bule) in krasta; pogosto sledi lihenifikacija (vzorec sploščenih papul, ki so podobne lišaju na skali) ter luskavo sušenje in občasna potemnitev eritema (rdeče kože) pa tudi hiperpigmentacija (temne lise na koži), ki pa ni tako pogosta; velikokrat jo spremljata srbečica in pekoč občutek; z intraepidermalno spongiozo se oblikujejo mehurji (medcelični edem na povrhnjici kože ali oteklina med kožnimi celicami).

Psoriaza

Psoriaza je nenalezljiva, splošna, kronična in neozdravljiva kožna bolezen, ki se pojavi, ko nepopolni znaki v imunskem sistemu povzročijo, da se kožne celice (keratinociti) prehitro obnavljajo – vsake tri do štiri dni, normalen ciklus pa traja 28–30 dni. Dodatne kožne celice se razvijajo na površju kože ter oblikujejo rdeče, kosmičaste in vnete rane, ki lahko povzročijo srbečico, se razpočijo, krvavijo in so lahko zelo boleče. Te rane so lahko zelo skažene, zato ljudje strmijo v posameznike in jih zaradi psoriaze zapostavljajo. Bolezen ponavadi vpliva na sklepe, okončine, genitalije in skalp, vendar se lahko pojavi kjerkoli in celo prekrije celotno telo.

Zdravljenje kožnih bolezni

Zaradi zapletenih patoloških mehanizmov pri nadkožnih boleznih obstaja v konvencionalni medicini zelo omejeno število možnosti zdravljenja. Kortikosteroidi, kot so triamcinolon, metilprednisolon, prednisolon in deksametason, lahko učinkovito zmanjšajo vnetje, srbečico in bolečino s pomočjo široke palete fizioloških procesov, med drugim tudi s stresnim odzivom, imunskim odzivom ter uravnavanjem vnetja, presnovo ogljikovih hidratov, katabolizmom beljakovin, ravnjo elektrolitov v krvi ter vedenjem. Kljub temu se težave na dolgi rok ne pozdravijo, če kortikosteroide oralno ali z injekcijo uživamo dlje časa, pa povzročajo hujše posledice, kot so Cushingov sindrom, hipertenzija, osteoporoza, siva mrena, kolitis, čir, hipogonadizem, hipotiroidizem, amenoreja in retinopatija. Če to povemo z drugimi besedami, je lahko »zdravljenje« slabše od same »bolezni«.

Številni se zavedajo, da le konvencionalna medicina ne zadošča - a zakaj bi izbrali tradicionalno kitajsko medicino?

Tako kot pri številnih kožnih motnjah lahko tudi izpuščaje, ki so posledica kožnih težav, razumemo kot rezultat povečanega stresa. A če se le poskušate sprostiti, to ne bo zadostovalo kot zdravljenje. Razumeti je potrebno dejavnike, ki povzročajo ta vnetna stanja, da lahko sploh začnemo reševati težave, in sicer od znotraj navzven.

Upam, da boste ob razumevanju stališča klasične kitajske medicini o teh pogosto zahtevnih bolezni dobili moč, da boste lahko poiskali pot do zdravljenja in rešitev namesto zatiranja bolezni.

Stališče tradicionalne kitajske medicine o psoriazi in ekcemu

Psoriaza je zunanji odraz patološke vročine, ki izvira iz globoke ravni kosti v telesu, ki je povezana z ledvičnim sistemom. Po drugi strani pa se ekcem odraža kot alergična reakcija na določen notranji ali zunanji dejavnik, ki sproži reakcijo kože. Lahko ga povzroči hrana ali okoljska kemikalija, ki razdraži kožo in povzroči vnetno reakcijo, ki se lahko širi tako dolgo, dokler se alergična reakcija nadaljuje.

Tako pri psoriazi kot ekcemu lahko gre za motnjo z dednimi predispozicijami, ki se prenašajo genetsko.

Izvir težave – odvečen ogenj/vročina in nabiranje vlage

Rdeča koža in žulji, ki izločajo snov, so tipični za ekcem in jih v kitajski medicini opisujemo kot ujeto vročino in vlago. Vlaga ustvari več ran na kupu, vročina pa povzroči veter/srbečico in rdečico ter poskrbi, da se stanje intenzivneje širi.

Če je pri ekcemu ali psoriazi prisotna vlaga, je to zelo verjetno pokazatelj, da obstaja težava s črevesjem – verjetno je v velikem črevesju ujeta odvečna vročina, ki povzroča zaprtje, sindrom razdražljivega črevesja ali kolitis. Vročina in vlaga sta lahko ujeti tudi v mehurju, kar povzroča ponavljajoče se težave s sečili ali sindrom bolečega mehurja, ki povzroča krče in bolečino v spodnjem delu trebuha, ki se pogosto pojavijo po uriniranju.

To ravnovesje je mogoče popraviti z izbiranjem pravilne hrane in zelišč, s katerimi izčrpamo in sprostimo vročino (ne da bi tako škodili prebavi z uživanjem preveč hladne ali surove hrane). Z dietetnega stališča so grenka živila, kot so regrat in druga temna listnata zelenjava, odlična za čiščenje vročine in strupov. [Preberite več o prehranskih nasvetih v kitajski zeliščni medicini] Zlasti so koristne kitajske zeliščne formule, saj lahko več različnih zelišč v formuli očisti tako vročino kot vlago, ne da bi v vašem telesu ustvarila še večje neravnovesje.

Šibka prebava

V teoriji TKM je šibka prebava povezana s šibkim želodcem in vranično energijo Qi. Splošni simptomi so izpuščanje plinov, napihnjenost, prebavne alergije ali občutljivosti, zaprtje, driska, slab apetit, utrujenost, možganska megla ali pretirana zaskrbljenost.

Pri ekcemu in drugih kožnih boleznih sem skoraj vedno odkrila obstoječo prebavno komponento – celo če prebavni simptomi niso bili prisotni, in sicer zato, ker je zdrava prebava epicenter dobrega zdravja. Če naš prebavni sistem deluje normalno, prejmemo energijo, ki jo potrebujemo za obnavljanje in čiščenje. Če pa je ta sistem šibek, telo našemu poškodovanemu območju ne more dostaviti dobre energije za obnavljanje, zato se zaradi slabe cirkulacijske moči, ki bi jo morala zagotoviti želodec in vranica, v telesu začnejo nabirati strupi.

Povezava med kožo in pljučnim sistemom

Teorija TKM pravi, da je pljučni sistem odgovoren za kožo in v našem imunskem sistemu deluje kot obramba. Pljuča nadzirajo odnos našega telesa do zunanjega sveta. Upravljajo del imunskega sistema, ki preprečuje, da bi dejavniki, kot so virus, bakterije in glive, vstopili v naše telo in bi zaradi njih zboleli. Zato kronični bolniki, ki imajo ekcem ali psoriazo, postanejo nagnjeni k sekundarnim okužbam, ki se pojavijo poleg ran na koži. Pri pacientih, ki trpijo za kronično psoriazo ali ekcemom, lahko tudi ošibijo pljuča, zato se lahko pri teh pacientih razvije astma.

Študije so dokazale, da lahko kitajska zeliščna zdravila pomagajo pri zdravljenju ekcema

https://www.worldhealth.net/news/studies_suggest_chinese_herbal_medicines/

Kako dolgo bo trajalo, preden se pozdravim?

Zdravljenje kroničnega ekcema se je izkazalo za precej zapletenega, tako v konvencionalni medicini kot pri terapijah TKM. Približno pravilo, ki velja za holistična zdravljenja, je, da je za vsako leto bolezni potreben približno mesec zdravljenja. Seveda je ta ocena le približna, a vam bo pomagala pri postavljanju pričakovanj.

Čas zdravljenja je zelo različen in je odvisen od mnogih dejavnikov: resnosti stanja, časa, kako dolgo že pacient trpi za neko boleznijo, ter odziva posameznika na zeliščna zdravila. Med zdravljenjem lahko pacient pričakuje, da se bodo občasno pojavili izpuščaji, ki jih lahko povzročijo številni dejavniki (npr. stres, splošni prehlad, alergija). Postopoma se bo stanje zboljševalo, izpuščaji pa bodo manjši in vidni manj časa.

Čeprav je lahko postopek zdravljenja zahteven in vključuje spremembe življenjskega stila, je s pomočjo potrpljenja in vztrajnosti ekcem in psoriazo s kitajsko medicino mogoče zdraviti varno in zelo učinkovito.

Prevod: Klara Lubej

Vir fotografije: internet

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Eczema, Psoriasis, Dermatitis: Treating Skin Conditions with TCM

Skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis can be very annoying. While the itchiness and pain cause physical discomfort, the ill appearance of skin also affect the patient’s self esteem and other psychological side.

It is common in the mainstream medicine to look only skin-deep when diagnosing and treating conditions afflicting the skin. However the root of such problems is often coming from deeper places – inside the body. With the holistic understanding of our body, TCM believes that all the changes on the skin is message reflected from the inside. So rather than being bothered and annoyed by recurraning skin condition, many people now look for effective alternative to manage the skin condition from its root cause with TCM.

Eczema

Eczema is a generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin, particularly with vesiculation in the acute stage, typically erythematous (reddened skin), edematous (swollen), papular (small raised bumps), and crusting; followed often by lichenification (a pattern of flattened papules resembling lichen on a rock), and scaling and occasionally duskiness of the erythema (red skin) and, infrequently, hyperpigmentation (darkened patches of skin); often accompanied by itching and burning; the vesicles form by intraepidermal spongiosis (intercellular edema of the epidermis, or swelling between skin cells).

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a non-contagious, common, chronic and incurable skin disease that occurs when faulty signals in the immune system cause skin cells (keratinocytes) to regenerate too quickly – every three to four days instead of the usual 28-30 day cycle. These extra skin cells build up on the skin’s surface, forming red, flaky, scaly and inflamed lesions that can itch, crack, bleed and be extremely painful. These lesions can be very disfiguring, causes others to stare and discriminate against people with psoriasis. The disease generally affects joints, limbs, genitalia and scalp, but it can appear anywhere and even cover the whole body.

Treatments on skin diseases

Due to the complicated pathological mechanisms on above skin diseases, there is very limited treatment options in conventional medicine. Corticosteroids, such as triamcinolone ,methylprednisolone , prednisolone and dexamethasone, can effectively reduce inflammation, itching and pain through a wide range of physiological processes, including stress response, immune response, and regulation of inflammation, carbohydrate metabolism, protein catabolism, blood electrolyte levels and behavior. However, they are not curative and attempt to increase more adverse effects if with long time oral or injection use, including Cushing’s syndrome, hypertension, osteoporosis, cataract, colitis, ulcer, hypogonadism, hypothyroidism, amenorrhoea, and retinopathy. In other words, the “treatment” could be worse than the “disease” itself.

Many people know that conventional medicine is not enough, but why should you consider Traditional Chinese medicine?

As with most skin disorders, flare ups of skin conditions can often be associated with an increase in stress. However, simply trying to relax is not going to cut it as a treatment option. We need to understand the factors driving these inflammatory conditions in order to begin resolving these problems from the inside out.

It is my hope that you will be empowered through understanding a Classical Chinese Medicine perspective on these often challenging health conditions so that you can seek a path to healing and resolution rather than suppression.

The Traditional Chinese Medicine Perspective on Psoriasis and Eczema

Psoriasis is an outward expression of pathological heat emanating from the deep bone level of the body which is correlated with the Kidney system. Eczema, on the other hand, manifests as an allergic response to something either internal or external that initiates the skin reaction. It may be triggered by food or an environmental chemical that irritates the skin and causes the inflammatory reaction which can spread as long as the allergic reaction continues.

Both psoriasis and eczema can be disorders with hereditary predispositions that have been passed along genetically.

The origin of problem - excess fire/heat and accumulation of dampness

The red skin and oozing blisters typical with eczema are described in Chinese Medicine as trapped heat and dampness. The Dampness creates the clustering sores, and the Heat creates the Wind/itching, the redness and causes the condition to spread more rampantly.

If Dampness is present with eczema or psoriasis, this suggests that there is also some problem involving the bowels likely with excessive Heat trapped in the large intestine causing constipation, Irritable Bowel Syndrome or colitis. Heat and Dampness can also get trapped in the bladder causing recurring urinary tract infections or interstitial cystitis that creates cramps and pain in the lower abdomen often following urination.

The way to resolve this imbalance is by choosing foods and herbs to drain and vent heat (without damaging the digestion by consuming too many cold, raw foods). From a dietary perspective, bitter foods like dandelion and other dark, leafy greens are fantastic for clearing heat and toxicity. [Read more about Chinese Medicine Dietetics] Chinese herbal formulas are particularly helpful, because the multiple herbs in a formula can clear heat and dampness without creating more imbalance in your body.

Digestive weakness

Digestive weakness refers to weak Stomach and Spleen Qi energy in TCM theory. Common symptoms may include gas, bloating, digestive allergies or sensitivities, constipation, diarrhea, poor appetite, fatigue, brain fog, or excessive worrying.

When it comes to eczema and other skin conditions, I almost always have found there to be a significant digestive component – even in the absence of digestive symptoms. This is because healthy digestion is at the epicenter of good health. When our digestive system is working properly, we get the necessary energy to repair and to clean. But if the digestive is weak, the body fail to deliver the good and regenerating energy to the damaged part, and the toxin build up due to poor circulation power that is supposed to be provided by the Stomach and Spleen.

The connection between skin and Lung system

TCM theory states that the Lung system doctrine the skin and work as the defensive guard in our immune system. The lungs control our body’s relationship to the external world. They govern the part of the immune system that keeps agents such as virus, bacteria and fungus from penetrating into our bodies to make us sick. This is why chronic sufferers of eczema or psoriasis become prone to secondary infections on top of their skin sores. Furthermore, since patients with either psoriasis or chronic eczema can develop weak Lungs, it is also common for these patients who chronically suffer from either of these skin disorders to develop asthma.

Studies suggest Chinese herbal medicines can relieve eczema

https://www.worldhealth.net/news/studies_suggest_chinese_herbal_medicines/

How long will it take to heal?

Treatment of chronic eczema has proven to be very difficult, both with standard medicine and with TCM therapies. The rule of thumb with using any holistic treatment is that for every year you've had a condition it takes about a month to treat. While this is only a loose guide, it will help you to set expectations.

Treatment times vary enormously and depend upon a number of factors: the severity of the condition, the length of time a patient has suffered from the condition and their individual response to the herbal medicine. During the course of their treatment, a patient can expect flare-ups from time to time. These can be caused by a number of factors (eg: stress, common cold, allergy). Gradually though, the improvement will be lasting and the flare-ups will be less severe and shorter lasting.

Though the healing process can be challenging and require lifestyle changes, with patience and perseverance, eczema and psoriasis can be treated safely and very effectively through Chinese Medicine.

#KožaSkin #EkcemEczema #PsoriazaPsoriasis #DermatitisDermatitis

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